How To Thread A Sewing Machine Brother: A Step-By-Step Guide

Learning how to properly thread your sewing machine is crucial for smooth and hassle-free sewing. If you just brought home your new Brother sewing machine and are unsure about how to get it up and running, this guide will walk you through the threading process step-by-step.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: First, raise the presser foot and needle. Then, follow the threading guide on your machine from the spool pin, through the tension discs, over the take-up lever, and down through the needle bar.

Make sure the thread is between the tension discs.

In this comprehensive guide, we will cover everything you need to know to master threading your Brother sewing machine. We’ll go over the key components involved in the threading process, provide clear photos of the threading route, and give step-by-step instructions tailored specifically for Brother machines.

Understanding the Key Components of Your Brother Sewing Machine

Before you can start threading your Brother sewing machine, it’s important to familiarize yourself with its key components. Understanding how each part functions will make the threading process much easier and ensure that your machine operates smoothly.

Spool Pin

The spool pin is where you place the spool of thread that you’ll be using for your sewing project. It is located at the top of the machine and holds the spool in place while you thread the machine.

Thread Guides

Thread guides are small metal or plastic hooks that help guide the thread through the machine. They ensure that the thread follows the correct path and prevents it from tangling or getting caught on any of the machine’s moving parts.

The number and placement of thread guides may vary depending on the model of your Brother sewing machine.

Tension Disc

The tension disc is a crucial component that regulates the amount of tension on the thread. It ensures that the thread is pulled through the machine consistently and evenly, resulting in balanced stitches.

Adjusting the tension disc may be necessary depending on the type of fabric and thread you are using.

Take-Up Lever

The take-up lever is a movable metal hook located on the left side of the machine. It moves up and down as you sew and helps to pull the thread through the fabric and create stitches. It’s important to ensure that the thread is properly threaded through the take-up lever to avoid any stitching issues.

Needle Bar

The needle bar holds the needle in place and controls its up-and-down movement. It is important to insert the needle correctly into the needle bar and ensure that it is securely tightened. A loose needle can cause skipped stitches or even damage the machine.

By understanding the key components of your Brother sewing machine, you’ll be better equipped to thread it correctly and avoid any potential issues. For more detailed instructions and visuals, refer to the manual that came with your sewing machine or consult the official Brother website at

Step-by-Step Instructions for Threading a Brother Sewing Machine

Raising the Presser Foot and Needle

Before threading your Brother sewing machine, it’s important to raise the presser foot and needle. This ensures that the thread can easily pass through the machine without any obstructions. Simply locate the presser foot lifter on your machine and raise it to its highest position.

Then, turn the handwheel towards you to raise the needle to its highest point as well. This step will make it easier to thread the machine accurately.

Placing the Spool on the Spool Pin

The next step in threading your Brother sewing machine is to place the spool of thread onto the spool pin. The spool pin is typically located at the top of the machine, near the thread tension dial. Insert the spool onto the pin, ensuring that the thread unwinds in the correct direction.

Some Brother sewing machines have a horizontal spool pin, while others have a vertical spool pin. Refer to your machine’s manual for specific instructions.

Routing the Thread

Once the spool is in place, it’s time to route the thread through the machine. Start by guiding the thread through any thread guides or hooks that are present on your Brother sewing machine. These guides help to ensure that the thread follows the correct path as it travels through the machine.

Be sure to follow the specific threading pattern outlined in your machine’s manual.

Threading the Needle

The final step in threading a Brother sewing machine is to thread the needle. Take the end of the thread and pass it through the eye of the needle from front to back. Some machines have a built-in needle threader that can assist with this step.

If your machine does not have a threader, you can use a handheld needle threader or thread the needle manually. Once the thread is through the needle, leave a tail of about six inches.

Threading a Brother sewing machine may seem daunting at first, but by following these step-by-step instructions, you’ll be able to thread your machine with ease. Remember to consult your machine’s manual for specific instructions and refer to authoritative websites such as for additional guidance.

With a little practice, you’ll become a pro at threading your Brother sewing machine in no time!

Helpful Tips for Smooth Threading

Threading a sewing machine can sometimes be a challenging task, especially for beginners. However, with the right knowledge and a few helpful tips, you can easily thread your Brother sewing machine and get started on your sewing projects.

Here are some tips to ensure a smooth and hassle-free threading experience:

Use Quality Thread

Using high-quality thread is essential for smooth and trouble-free sewing. Cheap or low-quality thread can easily break or cause tension issues, leading to frustration and uneven stitches. Opt for thread from reputable brands, as they are known for their durability and performance.

Investing in good thread will not only make the threading process easier but will also improve the overall quality of your sewing projects.

Check the Manual for Your Model’s Specific Threading Path

Each sewing machine model, including Brother machines, may have a slightly different threading path. It is crucial to consult your machine’s manual to identify the correct threading path for your specific model.

The manual will provide detailed instructions and illustrations, guiding you through each step of the threading process. Following the manual’s instructions will ensure that the thread is correctly threaded, reducing the chances of thread jams or other issues.

Change the Needle Regularly

One often overlooked aspect of smooth threading is the needle. Over time, needles can become dull or bent, affecting the quality of your stitches and causing thread breakage. To avoid such issues, it is recommended to change your sewing machine needle regularly.

As a general guideline, change the needle after every 8-10 hours of sewing or at the start of a new project. A fresh needle will pierce the fabric smoothly, reducing the chances of thread breakage and skipped stitches.

Clean Lint and Dust Buildup

Lint and dust can accumulate in the bobbin area and other parts of the sewing machine over time, interfering with the smooth flow of thread. Regularly cleaning your sewing machine, including removing lint and dust buildup, is crucial for optimal performance.

Use a small brush or a vacuum cleaner with a brush attachment to clean out any debris. This simple maintenance task will help prevent thread jams and ensure smooth threading.

Be Gentle and Take Your Time

Threading a sewing machine requires precision and patience. Rushing through the process or being rough with the thread can lead to tangles or misalignment. Take your time to carefully guide the thread through each threading point, following the manual’s instructions.

Being gentle with the thread will minimize the chances of it getting caught or tangled, resulting in a smoother threading experience.

By following these helpful tips, you can ensure a smooth threading process for your Brother sewing machine. Remember to use quality thread, consult your machine’s manual for the correct threading path, change the needle regularly, clean lint and dust buildup, and be gentle and patient throughout the process.

With practice, threading your sewing machine will become second nature, allowing you to focus on your sewing projects with ease.

Troubleshooting Common Threading Issues

Threading a sewing machine can be a tricky process, and even the most experienced sewers can encounter threading issues from time to time. Here are some common problems that you may come across when threading your Brother sewing machine, along with some troubleshooting tips to help you overcome them.

Thread is Bunching Up

One of the most frustrating threading issues is when the thread starts to bunch up underneath the fabric instead of forming neat stitches. This problem is often caused by improper tension settings. Make sure that the upper thread is properly threaded through the tension disks and that the tension dial is set to the appropriate level for your fabric.

If the problem persists, try adjusting the tension slightly and test the machine on a scrap piece of fabric before continuing with your project.

Thread is Breaking

If you find that the thread keeps breaking while you are sewing, there could be a few possible causes. First, check the tension settings, as overly tight tension can put too much strain on the thread. Additionally, make sure that you are using the correct type and weight of thread for your project.

Using a thread that is too thin or weak for the fabric can cause it to break easily. Finally, inspect the needle to ensure it is not bent or dull, as a damaged needle can also lead to thread breakage.

Loose Stitches

When your stitches are coming out loose and uneven, it is usually a sign of improper tension or incorrect threading. Start by double-checking that the upper thread is correctly threaded through all the necessary guides and tension disks.

Then, adjust the tension dial gradually, testing the machine on a scrap piece of fabric until you achieve the desired stitch tightness. It may take a few adjustments to find the perfect tension setting for your specific project and fabric.

Thread Jams

A thread jam occurs when the thread gets tangled or caught in the sewing machine, causing the machine to seize up and stop working. To resolve this issue, first, turn off the machine and gently remove the fabric and thread.

Next, carefully remove any tangled thread from the bobbin area or other parts of the machine. It is essential to keep your sewing machine clean and free from debris to prevent thread jams. Regularly clean the bobbin area and use a sewing machine lubricant as recommended by the manufacturer to keep everything running smoothly.

Needle Threading Problems

Threading the needle can be a challenging task, especially for those with visual impairments or shaky hands. If you are struggling to thread the needle, consider using a needle threader tool. This small device helps guide the thread through the eye of the needle, making the process much easier.

Alternatively, you can also try using a magnifying glass or adjusting the lighting in your sewing area to improve visibility. Practice and patience are key to mastering the art of needle threading.

Remember, each sewing machine may have its own unique quirks and troubleshooting steps. Consult your Brother sewing machine’s instruction manual for specific guidance on threading and common issues. If you continue to experience problems, don’t hesitate to reach out to a sewing machine technician or join online sewing communities for support and advice.


Learning how to thread your Brother sewing machine properly is an essential skill for any sewist. With some familiarity of the key components and step-by-step guidance, you’ll be threading your machine like a pro in no time.

Following the exact threading route for your model, using quality thread, and regular cleaning/replacing of needles will help prevent headaches down the road. With a little patience and practice, you can master threading your Brother machine and get on with the fun part – actually sewing!

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